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18 Month Child Development: Stages Of Development Of Your 18 Month Old Child

18 month child development...

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...At 18 months old, your child is developing a real personality. He is still growing rapidly, but not as dramatically as in the first year.

As he begins to walk, run and climb, he gains confidence and a greater sense of independence. At this stage, he needs encouragement and freedom to explore, as well as clear boundaries and limits to feel safe.

Remember that every child develops at a different pace. So, not every child will be able to perform all of the following skills.

18 month child development
18 month child development
18 month child development

His Physical Development…Motor Skills

Your 18 month old child...

  • Is able to walk regularly and stop safely, without sitting down
  • Can climb forward into an adult chair and then turn round and sit
  • Is able to kneel upright without help
  • Squats to pick up a toy
  • Moves without support from a squatting position to standing
  • Uses a delicate pincer grasp to pick up very small objects
  • Uses spoon when feeding himself
  • Holds a pencil in his whole hand or between the thumb and the first two fingers... primitive tri-pod grasp
  • Is able to scribble to and fro with a pencil on paper
  • Can thread large beads onto a lace or string
  • Can control his wrist movement to manipulate objects
  • Moves small objects from a bottle by turning it upside-down
  • Points to familiar objects
  • Builds a tower of three or more bricks.

His Sensory/Intellectual Development

  • Can identify known people at a distance
  • Is aware that he is looking at himself in the mirror
  • No longer explore things in his mouth.

His Language Development

  • Is aware of the names of parts of his body, and can point to them when asked
  • Uses 6-40 recognisable words and understand many more... but the word mostly used is 'no'
  • Uses signs and gestures beside words
  • Indicates desire by pointing
  • Obeys simple instructions such as 'shut the door', and responds to simple questions such as 'Where's the cat?'
  • Refers to himself by name
  • Begins to wave his arms up and down, meaning 'start again', 'more', or 'I like it'
  • Can identify that people may have desires…thinks that everyone feels the same as he does.

His Emotional and Social Development

  • Knows where objects are kept... this reflects an increase in long-term memory
  • Plays continuously alone... solitary play... but may like to be near a familiar adult or sibling
  • Most likely to be independent, for example to dress himself
  • Has the knowledge that others are fearful or anxious for him as he climbs on or off chairs
  • Is likely to become frustrated, with occasional temper tantrums
  • May show a sign of toilet needs by restless or words
  • Is able to follow stories, enjoy stories and rhymes that include repetition.

Promoting His Development

  • Make walker trucks available, pull-along animals which he enjoys to play with
  • Encourage play with messy materials, such as sand, water, play dough and painting
  • Make available of low firmly fixed furniture to climb on
  • Provide him with pop-up toys, stacking toys and hammer-and-peg to develop hand–eye co-ordination skills
  • Encourage imaginative play and language skills with toys such as simple puppets, dressing-up clothes or toy telephones
  • Provide balls to roll, kick or throw
  • Use action rhymes and singing games to promote conversation and confidence
  • Allow him to play with other children... this is a key factor of building up his confidence and conversation
  • Make available of both toys, such as simple beakers, sprinkling toys and waterproof books
  • Use finger paints and wax crayons to encourage creative skills
  • Make available of picture books to attract him to identify details in the picture.

Safety Awareness

  • You should never leave him alone in the bath even for few minutes
  • You should supervise him when in the bath
  • Be aware of dangers such as sharp objects, broken bottles, litter or unfenced walls when he is playing outdoors.

Activities For Him

Treasure basket...
  • Have a strong, shallow cardboard box or a wicker basket
  • Ensure that there are no staples, splinters or jagged edges
  • Choose a variety of interesting objects…10-15 in numbers…to stimulate his 5 senses of objects with different shapes, textures, colours and weights
  • You may also include objects with distinctive smell such as a small empty perfume bottle or a lavender bag.

How To Encourage His Aesthetic and Spiritual Development

  • Make available of some nicely-crafted wooden toys stimulus painting and drawing, which from an early years permit him to show emotions in his creativity
  • Have well and interesting illustrated picture books
  • Make available of an introduction to music and outings that will bring him pleasure of the wonders of the natural world.

See Also Related Articles To 18 Month Child Development...

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