...A 5 year old child is full of excitement and of fresh discovery. He starts to depend less and less
on adult support. He is sturdy, energetic and an agile child. His bodily shape changes rapidly but does
not grow as fast as he did in his first four years.
He is confident and friendly and expects to be liked and valued by friends and family and he's ready for
new experiences. He is eager to learn new set of skills, ask many questions and very persistence when he wants
to learn a new skill.
He works and plays in small groups... concentrates on skills he wants to master very hard... like riding a bicycle.
His Physical Development
Fine Manipulative Skills
At age 5 he's able to...
Form letters and write own name
Neatly colour pictures
Draw recognisable pictures such as cars and houses
Dress and undress easily
Cut out shapes using scissors.
Gross Manipulative Skills
He's able to...
Hit a ball with stick or bat
Use a variety of large equipment
Avoid obstacles and can run fast
Skip with a rope
Throw and catch large balls.
How To Promote His Physical Development
At 5 years old, he's starting to enjoy playing games. Help him by introducing new games into his play and
encourage him to make up his own game as well.
Toys To Improve His Physical Development
Bicycles with stabilisers.
His Cognitive Development
He's able to...
Count accurately up to 20 items
Name eight colours
Place objects beside one another
Tell date of birth.
Activities And Equipment To Promote His Cognitive Development
Some activities and equipment can help a 5 year olds cognitive development. Activities that encourage his thinking
are also valuable to his cognitive development.
Encourages him to use his senses and tell whats in a bag. This helps him to classify objects, memorise and improves
his attention and concentration span.
He is able to sort, order and classify objects according to colour, shape and size. Helps with his concentration and
His Language Development
At the age of 5, he develops and refines his language...
He makes fewer mistakes and starts using language as means of getting along with others
He expresses his needs and recounts what he has done
His vocabulary is about 5000 words and uses complex sentences correctly
He enjoys telling jokes and stories.
His Emotional And Social Development
Learning to build relationships with others is an important skill that a 5 year old child develops over time.
He starts using words and actions imitating you
Starts to make close friendships with other children
Plays with children of his own gender and begins to understand gender roles
Expresses himself in terms of his achievements e.g. Look at me, I can ride a tricycle now.