This section, Child Development 2 Years presents an overview of the developmental stages of your 2 year old child.
This is a year of exploration and discovery.
He's mastering his skill of walking, balancing, picking up things and carrying them about.
He builds up his ability to control his environment by exploring and testing it out in every way he can
and when he's got to the stage of walking about freely, climbing onto sofas, negotiating chairs etc.
he launches his energies into experimenting with speech.
Physical development is the stage at which your 2 year child acquires physical skills such as sitting, standing and walking.
This is where you need to make changes to his development now that he is mobile, by putting reachable objects out of
the way and making clear rules and boundaries.
At 2 years he can...
Run safely, avoiding obstacles and is very mobile
Climb up unto furniture
Push and pull large wheeled toys
Walk up and down stairs, usually putting two feet on each step
Sand on tiptoe when shown
Kick a large ball gently
Jump with both feet together from a low step
Pick up tiny objects using a fine pincer grasp
Draw circles, lines and dots using preferred hand
Build a tower of six or more blocks with a longer concentration span
Copy a vertical line and sometimes 'v' shape
Hold a pencil in preferred hand, with an improved tripod grasp.
Best Way Of Promoting His Physical Development
Provide toys and space for him to run and play
Take him out to the park to learn about the natural world
Encourage the use of safe climbing frames and sandpits and always supervising him
Encourage ball throwing and catching to promote his coordinating skills.
Remember, however that your 2 year old will develop at a different rate and he may be faster or slower to learn
certain skills than others may. You should always be alert and keep him from danger.
His Cognitive/Intellectual Development
The area of development connected with knowledge, understanding and reasoning of your two year old is referred to
as intellectual or cognitive development. This involves what he knows and his ability to reason, understand and to solve problems.
Follows simple instructions and requests... such as 'Please bring me the toy'
Begins to understand the consequences of his own actions
Can say a few nursery rhymes
Spends time naming things and what they do
Provides comfort when younger siblings or other babies cry.
Best Way Of Promoting His Cognitive/Intellectual Development
Your child must be an active learner... participating in group activities rather than telling or showing him what to
do all the time will further develop his intellectual development
The presence of one or more good role models can help his behaviour, attitude, values, social aspects and language
development. His interaction with you and other children to try out and express ideas will also help his cognitive development
An atmosphere or environment, which is physically safe and emotionally secure can enable him to explore and experiment without fear of failure
Equipment and resources, which provide a range of experiences, particularly ones to develop the senses of your two year
old is always an advantage to have.
His Social And Emotional Development
Emotional development involves the way in which he makes sense of his feelings, the feelings he has towards others and the
development of self-image and identity.
Social development involves the growth of his relationship with other people, the development of his social skills and socialization.
At this stage he...
Is very curious about the environment around him
Begins to express how he feels
Likes to help others
Goes to the toilet independently and can dress himself
Is very eager to try out new things
Plays more with other children
Does not like sharing toys with other children
Skillfully eats with a spoon and may use fork sometimes.
His Language Development
Uses fifty or more recognizable words appropriately
Forms sentences by putting two or more words together
Carries out simple instructions such as 'go and get me a spoon'
Talks to himself often
Spends time naming things and what they do
Continuously asks questions beginning with 'What...?' or 'Who...?'
Can say few nursery rhymes.
Best Way Of Promoting His Language Development
By observing your child communicate or using gestures can create a big bond between you and your child. It is
always good and never too early to introduce him to books. He will enjoy if he sees you enjoying them. He quickly
learns reading behaviour, which is how books work: turning pages, following pictures and prints etc.
It is always important to get your child’s age book to create better understanding. From age two and above, it
is the most important age for speech development and he begins to link two and three words to communicate his needs.
Use fact and story books that reflects his everyday activities… for example… getting dressed, mealtime, bath
time, bedtime, playtime etc. are important to emphasize and introduce the idea of a sequence of events.
They may be single line of text, which describes the pictures… for example… under the bed, on the chair. This
can help develop his vocabulary and understanding of positional words. Prints in his story books need to be large and bold.
As he begins to speak, his vocabulary grows and becomes more fluent for slightly longer books, which may have
a simple story... one that has a beginning, middle and an end.
He can cope with only a small number of characters. Pictures need to be large and colourful. Allow him to get
actively involved in playing or reading books but always supervise, as he will not always be gentle in handling them.
The language of a book must be well written using accurate grammar and tenses. Must have bold and colourful
stories. Always give an eye contact to get him behave and to see to it that he is doing well and not in harm zones.
It is always good to listen to him regardless of how he sounds or feel.
His Sensory Development
Listens to general conversation with interest
Recognises familiar people in photographs
Enjoys picture books turning pages singly
Picks up tiny objects accurately and quickly, and places them down neatly
Holds pencil and scribbles.
Best Way Of Promoting His Overall Development
Encourage ball play... throwing and catching… to promote his co-ordination skills