This section of our site... Child development 4-6 years ...looks at your child's
physical development and growth,
understanding the importance of how your child learns and what toys and equipment you can use to stimulate his
intellectual (cognitive) development
between the ages of 4-6 years.
Your child's physical development
is the age at which he acquires physical skills such as sitting, standing and walking.
Once your child has learnt to be independent he will be able to explore things that were out of reach previously.
His Physical Development....4 Years Old
At 4 years of age your child develops...
His Fine Manipulative Skills
He uses his hand and fingers to do day-to-day-tasks. He...
Can button and unbutton his clothing
Can cut out simple shapes
Can draw a person with a head, trunk and legs
Puts together 12 piece puzzle
Can build a tower of ten or more cubes
Can copy a building pattern of three steps using six cubes or more
Is able to thread small beads on a lace
Hold and use a pencil in adult fashion
Can draw on request a fine figure that resembles a person, showing head, legs and body
Can spread his hand and bring his thumbs into opposition with each finger in turn
Cuts and pastes simple shapes
Prints few letters
Draws a simple house.
His Gross Manipulative Skills
Your 4 year old child uses his large muscles in his body. He...
Can walk on a fine line
Aims and throws ball
Bounces and catches a large ball
Runs, changing direction
Hops on one foot
Can pedal and steer a tricycle confidently
Can stand, walk and run on tiptoe
Can catch, kick, throw and bounce a ball
Can bend at the waist to pick up objects from the floor
Enjoys climbing trees and on frames
Can run up and down stairs and make sharp turns easily
Balances on one foot and jumps down from a step
Catches large ball with two hands when thrown from a near distance.
Your Role To Developing Your 4 Year Old Child
Your child at this age is gaining confidence and is able to become more independent. Encourage him to wipe up spills,
pour drinks and tidy away. This is a way of preparing him for school... as the saying goes... "Charity begins at home".
He also enjoys being busy and playing co-operatively. Play with him as a way of encouraging him.
Toys And Equipment To Stimulate Your 4 Year Old Child's Intellectual Development
Draws recognisable pictures of trees, houses, people and animals
Colours neatly in pictures
Easily dresses and undresses
Completes a 20-piece jigsaw puzzle
Cuts out shapes using scissors quite accurately
Draws around a template
Can competently use a knife and fork, but may still need to have meat cut up for him
May be able to thread a large-eyed needle and sew with large stitches
Has good control over pencils and paint brushes
Can draw a person with a head, body, legs, nose, mouth and eyes
Can copy elaborate models, such as a four-step model using ten cubes
Can do jigsaw puzzles with interlocking pieces
Can count the fingers on one hand using the index finger of the other hand
Can print name on paper.
His Gross Manipulative Skills
Skips with a rope
Runs quickly and is able to avoid obstacles
Is able to use a variety of large equipment e.g. swings and slides confidently
Throws large ball to partner and catches it
Hits ball with bat or a stick
Moves to music
Bounces and catches a ball
Shows good balance...can stand on one foot for about ten seconds and may ride a bike without stabilisers
Shows good co-ordination, playing ball games and dancing to music rhythmatically
Can bend at waist and touch toes without bending at the knees
Can hop 2-3m (6-9 feet) forward on each foot separately.
Your Role To Developing Your 5 Year Old Child
Your 5 year old is starting to enjoy playing games with rules e.g. snakes and ladders. Help him by introducing new games
into his play e.g. hide-and-seek... and encourage him to come up with his own games.
Your support and encouragement is needed as there may be times when arguments break out. Encourage him to be as independent
as possible e.g. folding his clothes when changing, hanging up his coats etc.
Toys and Equipment To Stimulate Your 5 Year Old Child's Intellectual Development
Bicycles with stabilisers
Creative materials e.g. paints, crayons, card and paper