Dizziness during pregnancy is a fairly normal phenomenon if you are pregnant.
When you are pregnant you undergo dramatic physiological changes, which lead to disruptions in the flow of blood (low blood pressure) from the lower half to your heart, brain and other vital organs.
This induces a feeling of nausea and light-headedness, which is a temporary condition and can be taken care off by lying down if possible on the left side of your heart.
This posture improves blood flow from your heart to all your organs.
Your cardiovascular system also changes dramatically during pregnancy.
This leads to a significant increase in the rate at which your heart pumps blood per minute, with research pointing out 40-45 increase of blood in your body.
During pregnancy your blood pressure decreases gradually, reaching the minimum point during mid-pregnancy.
After this point has been reached, your blood pressure again increases and goes back to normal.
Your body's cardio and nervous system are able to cope with the changes admirably during this condition and sufficient blood flows to your brain eventually.
But occasionally your body does not cope or adapt quickly enough to the physiological changes induced by onset of pregnancy, which leads to feelings of light-headedness and dizzy spells and in some cases may also lead to fainting.
Quick movement like springing up from the bed or a chair must be avoided at all occasions whatever might be the provocation.
When getting up from a supine position, it is a good idea to take time to sit up slowly from the bed and remain seated for a few minutes with legs touching the floor.
Then slowly rise from the bed to stand. When getting up from a chair, it is necessary to rise slowly with the support of the arms to stand up.
Standing on your feet for a long time can also make your blood concentrate in your feet and legs.
It is advisable to make small leg movements to enable your blood to flow.
This problem becomes worse when you lie flat on your back. In this position your heart pumps less blood leading to a drop in blood pressure, leading to anxiety, nausea and dizziness.
It's advisable for you to lie on your left with a pillow under your head and a support pillow under your hips. This stops the uterus from compressing your vein.
Eating small yet frequent meals regularly during the day, instead of large meals is strictly advised.
The idea is to tuck into some snack when feeling hungry, which is quite frequent when pregnant.
Dehydration or lack of drinking water up to 8-10 glasses per day may also lead to feelings of dizziness during pregnancy.
Anaemic women frequently experience dizziness. Iron deficiency is the leading cause of anaemia. A diet rich in iron is highly advisable. Fruits and vegetables containing iron must form part of your diet.
Exercises should be started slowly and must be done smoothly. The idea is to follow the dictates of your body to know when to stop.
When this spell occurs in a room, sit down quickly and put your head between your legs, till the feeling subsides.
But these are some symptoms which do necessitate a visit to your doctor when pregnant.
If frequent dizziness is accompanied by severe headaches, vision becoming blurred, inability to speak with clarity, heart palpitations, tingling sensation, pain in the chest, shortness of breath or bleeding, call your doctor immediately or call for medical assistance as these conditions have the potential of affecting your baby.
If abdominal pain is accompanied by dizziness then taking immediate medical attention is necessary.
Dizziness during pregnancy, does not call for emergency medical attention in the majority of the cases and should be taken in stride.
But if these spells become increasingly frequent then a visit to your doctor is definitely recommended.
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