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Early Years
Science And Technology

Early Years Science And Technology...

Children are naturally curious about themselves and about the world they inhabit.

Early Years Science And Technology
Good early years provision will harness this curiosity, providing the foundation for children's scientific understanding.

Science and technology are aspects of the 'Knowledge and understanding of the world' programme of learning in the 'Desirable Outcomes for Children's Learning' and have separate programmes of study at Key Stage 1 of the National Curriculum.

What Is Science?

There are many situations in which the young child can be a scientist.

Here are some examples...

  • the natural world - caring for plants and animals, looking at the seasons, caring for the environment, life cycles, work on growth etc.
  • natural materials - discovering the properties of water, wood, clay, sand, air etc.
  • creative materials - identifying the science in painting, collage, junk modelling and music.
  • the physical world - using magnets and batteries, investigating light and colour with lenses and mirrors, looking at movement and forces.
  • chemistry - combining substances, watching changes and cooking.

Science is not approached in isolation.

In the pre-school years, it is an integral part of many of the activities provided routinely such as outdoor play, construction, sand, water and paint.

How Can You Help?

Your role in promoting the growth of children's scientific understanding is crucial.

Your role is to...

  • provide a rich and stimulating environment for children.
  • interact and question the children, encouraging them to think, to pose questions and to slove problems for themselves.
  • help children decide on ways to try out their ideas, including ways of designing a fair test.
  • help children to organise their understanding of what has happened, that is, to draw conclusion and to form concepts.
  • encourage children to record their findings using a variety of methods including talking, drawing, making tables and writing.
  • monitor children's progress and provide opportunities to extend learning.

Technology

Technology for the early years is closely linked to science. It involves the use of tools and materials in practical projects.

Children need opportunities to plan and design as well as to make. As their experience increases, their designs will become more complex.

In this area of learning, the adult's role is to give the children access to a range of materials and to encourage them to complete and evaluate their projects.

This will include the teaching and practising of techniques such as cutting, joining things and sewing, as well as encouraging the children in their projects.

Technology should be available for use by children to support their learning across the curriculum.

They will have access to a range of equipment, for example, cassette recorders, cameras, electronic keyboards, televisions and video recorders.

Information technology, involving the use of computers, is now very much a part of the early years curriculum.

Children will become familiar with the operation of the equipment and work on software programs specially designed to meet their learning needs.

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